Tax rates depend on your destination and whether travellers are in economy, business or first class seats, but industry chiefs have united in opposition to British travel taxes which they say are among the highest in the world.
Sean Tipton, from the Association of British Travel Agents, told Sky News: "Many countries have levied similar taxes in the past but when they've investigated the damage it does to the economy most have gotten rid of it."
The basic rate payable on short haul flights to Europe has gone up from £12 to £13 but travel agents have warned that those paying for family holidays will be the worst hit.
It means that the tax on a family of four flying to Spain has gone up from £48 to £52.
The tax on family holidays in the US or Egypt - which are between 2,000 and 4,000 miles from Britain - has risen from £240 to £260.
Destinations between 4,000 and 6,000 miles away - including the Caribbean and South Africa - now carry a tax of £324 rather than £300 for four tickets.
The tax on the longest flights of more than 6,000 miles to places like Australia or Argentina will climb to £368 from £340 for a family of four.
A Treasury spokesman said: "The Government took action by freezing Air Passenger Duty (APD) last year and we've always been clear that APD would go up this April.
"The majority of passengers will only pay an extra £1 as a result of the rise. As announced at the Autumn Statement, we are also extending APD to private business jets for the first time.
"It is also worth noting that unlike some other European countries, the UK does not levy VAT on domestic flights and aviation fuel is not taxed.
"The aviation industry will also benefit from the record low corporation tax that takes effect from today."
Opposition to APD has united normally bitter airline rivals who have mounted a joint campaign against it.
EasyJet chief executive Carolyn McCall, Ryanair boss Michael O'Leary, Virgin Atlantic chief executive Steve Ridgway have joined Willie Walsh, boss of British Airways' parent company IAG, in condemning the latest rise.
They said: "APD rises again on April Fool's Day but the public should not be fooled again by this tax and the damage it does to them, to jobs and to the wider economy.
"We urge George Osborne to make APD the first tax to be examined under the Treasury's new review of the wider impacts of taxation on the economy and to halt the proposed rise until this review is complete."
The Treasury has already examined arguments against APD and decided to preserve the tax which is expected to raise £2.6bn this year.
It will continue to rise every year in line with inflation and it is forecast to raise £3.9bn by 2016.
Source: Sky News
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