How to Launch a Rocket at the Equator in the Ocean

Three years after Sea Launch
spiralled towards bankruptcy following the explosion of its Zenit 3SL
rocket, the satellite launch provider is preparing to restart
operations.

Both of its land and sea launches use the Zenit rocket. But the more
expensive sea-based missions allow a much greater payload – up to
6,100kg (13,440lb) against about 3,600kg – because the sea platform can
be positioned exactly on the equator, at a point about 2,250km (1,215nm)
south of Hawaii.

At that point the force of the Earth’s rotation gives maximum
assistance to a rocket, which can lift more payload in exchange for the
fuel load it must carry when launched from more northerly or southerly
points.

Here’s a diagram of how Sea Launch’s launch works, as well as an explanation below.

Equatorial Sea Launch.jpg

How Sea Launch Works.jpg

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