Heavy, long-endurance unmanned air systems (UAS) and manned aircraft that are converted to fly without a human pilot are being cleared for export by the Israeli ministry of defence only if they comply with the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR) limitations.
Until a few years ago, this was not a real problem but as UAS developed in
To add to the complexity, a number of Israeli companies have developed unmanned versions of manned aircraft. This is a very interesting, much-debated shortcut to large UAS. The first such converted system developed by Aeronautics is the Dominator-2.
The aim of the MTCR is to restrict the proliferation of missiles, complete rocket systems, unmanned air systems, and related technology, for those systems capable of carrying a 500kg payload to a range of 300km, as well as systems intended for the delivery of weapons of mass destruction (WMD).
The Dominator-2 (XP in its export version) is based on the Diamond DA-42 twin-engine aircraft.
It has an endurance of 28 hours and is capable of carrying a 300kg payload. Its max takeoff weight is 2,000kg.
The second time
In the coming years, the special body that approves the export of such UAS will have to meet more frequently.