On 9 August 65 years ago, at 11:02am, the US forces dropped its second atomic bombs on the Japanese city of Nagasaki.
Squadron commander, Major Charles W. Sweeney deployed the nuclear bomb, which Flight wrote in an article published in 1956, instantly killed between 40,000 and 75000 people. Casualties by the end of 1945 had risen to 80,000.
However on 14th August Japan announced publicly its decision to surrender from World War II, this meaning that the bombing of Nagasaki was the last major act of the War.
A Boeing B-29 Superfortress was used to carry out the bombings. Flight reported that this aircraft had the ability to cover great distances meant that for the first time they were able to go further than the "front line". The propeller-driven aircraft was primarily used by the United States throughout World War II and specialised in high altitude daytime bombing.
Related archive material
- Published 21 December 1951 - Atomic-powered aircraft
- Content about Hiroshima on Flightglobal and around the wider web
- Content about Nagasaki on Flightglobal and around the wider web
By Alastair Clark from Dulwich College, London, currently on work experience with Flightglobal