The national carrier of Turkey, Turkish Airlines operate a network of scheduled services linking nearly 40 domestic destinations with over 125 international destinations in Europe, North and South America, Russia, Central Asia, the Middle and Far East.
Turkish Airlines can trace its history back to the founding in Ankara in 1933 of Hava Yollari Devlet Isletmesi Idaresi (State Airlines Administration).
Domestic services linking Istanbul, Eskisehir and Ankara were launched in August 1933 using an initial five aircraft fleet of Curtiss, Junkers and Tupolev monoplanes.
The airline was reorganised after falling under the control of the Ministry for Public works on 20 May 1935 and was renamed in June 1938 after control passed to the Ministry of Transportation, becoming 'Türkiye Devlet Hava Yollari' (DHY).
Turkish launched international services with a flight from Ankara to Istanbul and on to Athens in 1947, flown by one of a fleet of over 30 war surplus Douglas C-47s.
Türk Hava Yollari A.O. (THY Turkish Airlines) came into being on 1 March 1956 as a result of a major reorganisation which replaced the state owned company DHY with a mixed corporation.
Long haul services were launched following the arrival of former Pan Am Boeing 707s in 1971. The airline launched services to the Far East in 1986, with North America following in 1988.
Nationalised in 1990 when most of its shares were transferred to the government's Public Participation Administration.
A partial IPO in May 2006 sold 24.8% of the shares to the public and a further public offering increased the proportion of privately owned shares to just over 50%.
Turkish Airlines joined Star Alliance on 31 March 2008.
Wholly-owned low cost subsidiary Anadolu Jet launched services on 23 August 2008. Acquired a 49% shareholding in B&H Airlines on 22 December 2008 but withdrew from this partnership in June 2012, returning its shares to the Bosnian government.