ANALYSIS: MH17 Previous shoot-down incidents or attempts

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Starting with the most recent, this list includes some of the civil aircraft that have been shot down when carrying out normal business in non-combat airspace. Many more have been downed in combat zones or areas in which rebels were active.

28 November 2002, Arkia Airlines at Mombasa, Kenya

Two Strela heat-seeking missiles were fired at the Israeli charter flight just after take-off from Mombasa to return to Israel. They did not cause any damage.

4 October 2001, Sibir Airlines Tupolev Tu-154 over the Black Sea

The aircraft, on a flight from Tel Aviv to Novosibirsk, was accidentally shot down by the Ukraine military carrying out an exercise from a Crimea base. The military shot at a target drone but the missile brought down the Sibir flight instead, killing all 79 people on board.

3 July 1988, Iran Air Airbus A300, over the Straits of Hormuz, Persian Gulf.

The aircraft, on a short scheduled flight to Dubai from Bandar Abbas, was shot down by two missiles fired from the USS Vincennes. The crew allegedly thought the radar return was an Iranian Air Force McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom. The 290 people on board were killed.

31 August 1983, Korean Air Boeing 747, Sea of Japan off Sakhalin Island.

The 747 had strayed into the edges of Soviet airspace and was shot down by Soviet air force interceptors, killing all 269 people on board.

20 April 1978, Korean Airlines Boeing 707 in Russian airspace near the Bering Strait

The aircraft strayed off course into Russian airspace on a Paris-Anchorage sector and was intercepted by two Sukhoi Su-15s and damaged by missiles, after which it force-landed. Two people were killed.

12 February 1979, Air Zimbabwe BAC Viscount near Kariba, Zimbabwe

Shot down by Patriotic Front rebels using heat-seeking missiles during the climb away from Kariba. The 58 people on board were killed.