Chinese and UK government representatives are to discuss revising bilateral agreements to allow more flights between the two countries.
Talks will take place in early 2014 to increase the limit of 31 services per week, covering six destinations, laid down by the current air services pact signed in 2004.
British Airways and Virgin Atlantic each operate to China while carriers including Air China, China Southern Airlines and China Eastern Airlines conduct UK flights.
BA recently expanded its Chinese network to include Chengdu.
The Department for Transport says the negotiations are aimed at increasing "both the number of flights and the destinations" available to each side.
It says the talks were "secured" by UK transport secretary Patrick McLoughlin during a visit to China.
"Improved air links between the UK and China would be good for trade, tourism and forging new partnerships, strengthening the links between our two countries," says McLoughlin.
It is unclear whether these talks could be affected by European Commission attempts to impose an interim version of its emissions-trading system on third-country airlines.
China's government has previously blocked orders for Airbus aircraft in response to European emissions rules.