Crashed Polish Tu-154 fitted with terrain warning system

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Russian investigators have confirmed that the Polish state Tupolev Tu-154M which crashed on approach to Smolensk had been equipped with a ground collision-warning system.

Based on information derived from the aircraft's flight recorders, the Interstate Aviation Committee (MAK) states that the aircraft was also fitted with US-built satellite navigation equipment.

MAK has yet to clarify whether the terrain awareness and warning system was active.

The aircraft, transporting a presidential delegation from Warsaw, crashed after striking trees while attempting to land in fog on 10 April.

MAK states that it is studying documentation detailing modification to the Tu-154 undertaken at the Samara-based Aviakor plant towards the end of last year.

Investigators are still working to identify voices of the flight crew and are performing a forensic examination to establish the precise locations of crew members at the time of the accident.

MAK has also been synchronising the information received from the cockpit-voice and flight-data recorders and cross-checking it with transcripts from air traffic control communications.