Emirates SkyCargo and Qantas Freight will offer access to each other's networks under a partnership deal.
The agreement is part of the alliance between the two carriers, which is still subject to final approval from Australian competition authorities.
Under the deal, Emirates SkyCargo and Qantas Freight will cooperate on cargo capacity on each other's passenger services, which will allow freight customers to access a total of 233 ports across six continents.
"Our time sensitive cargo customers shipping between Australia and Europe can now connect via Dubai as a one-stop service to provide their customers with a faster and more efficient product," says Qantas Freight Enterprises executive manager Lisa Brock.
"For both Emirates' and Qantas's long-term general cargo customers in Singapore, we are able to offer both an extensive range of options to the UK and Europe and an unmatched offering to in-demand destinations across Australia," she adds.
Emirates says that customers can now book cargo capacity on Emirates and Qantas flights operating between Australia, Asia, Europe, the Middle East and Northern Africa from 31 March.
Qantas and Emirates announced that they would enter an extensive alliance in September last year.