Iraq's government has taken delivery of a Boeing 777-200LR as part of a gradual introduction of new aircraft to restore long- and short-haul connections.
The twinjet arrived at Baghdad on 15 December and will probably be put into service via Iraqi Airways.
Iraqi Airways will also use an Airbus A330-200 which was delivered to the government a few days ago.
"We are rebuilding our country's aviation sector and the purchase of the [jet] will help us begin developing the long-haul market," says Iraqi transport minister Hadi Al Ameri.
"With its unparalleled efficiencies, the 777-200LR will be a strategic addition to the fleet."
Thirty Boeing 737-800s are also on order from the Iraqi government, and these will begin arriving in mid-2013. The government has also ordered 10 Boeing 787s.