airport in Kentucky has been selected by the US Department of Transportation (DOT)
as the national model site for a comprehensive, integrated test of a range of
aviation safety, security and efficiency technologies.
test will involve integrated operation and management by air traffic
controllers and the airport of eight or more technologies. The general manager
of Louisville airport, Jim Delong, estimates the technology installation will
cost a total of about $45 million, not including the $30 million-plus he says
by the airport’s main tenant, UPS, has already spent on development of
automatic dependent surveillance-broadcast (ADS-B) technology.
that will feature in the integrated test – which will last for several years -
include ADS-B, traffic information services-broadcast (TIS-B), multilateration
and traffic advisory and collision alerting systems (TCAS) for a variety of
airport capacity-management, vehicle fleet management and anti-collision functions.
involved in the integrated test will be the FAA’s new Airport Movement Area
Surveillance System (AMASS), a radar system designed to help controllers reduce
the number and severity of runway incursions.
too will a new “keep ’em high” technology, using the vertical navigation
components of aircraft flight management systems, that the FAA is developing
with UPS and Boeing to provide pilots with initial approaches at constant rates
of descent to points of interception with the airport’s instrument landing
system (ILS) glidepath.
new technology, being modeled at New York JFK but to be flight-tested for the
first time at Louisville, is designed to minimize aircraft noise over densely
populated areas and to reduce aircraft fuel burn.
new technology to feature in the Standiford Field test will be application of a
mathematical model under development by the Mitre Corporation’s Center for
Advanced Aviation Systems Development to predict the position, drift and
duration of aircraft wake turbulence in varying wind conditions. This is a
technology that has gained significant new relevance for airports following the
American Airlines flight 587 crash last November, in which wake turbulence from
a Boeing 747 might have played a role.
Standiford Field trials will also involve testing by the DOT’s Transportation
Security Administration of new security technologies to address a range of
issues, particularly ways of preventing unauthorized people, animals and
vehicles from gaining access to the airport operations area and of handling
these security breaches when they happen.
tells ATI the test has been made possible by the FAA’s agreement earlier
this year to appropriate $5 million for installation of a Lockheed Martin
Common ARTS IIIE air traffic control automation system at the airport.
is slated to become one of the major US airports at which Raytheon’s Standard
Terminal Automation Replacement System (STARS) is installed. However, the
airport told the FAA it would rather have Common ARTS IIIE in the short term
because it was a proven existing automation platform into which all of the new
test technologies could be integrated for operational evaluation and use.
of Common ARTS IIIE at Louisville will begin next month and will be completed
by June 2003, Delong says. A UPS spokesman points out the Louisville trial will
therefore include the operational certification of ADS-B with the Common ARTS
also says installation of antennae at the airport for the aircraft
position-finding multilateration test is nearly complete and although it will
not be certificated till later this year the system is already operational.
Flight-testing of the ‘keep ’em high’ approach technique will begin in October.
Initial testing of the wake turbulence modeling technique is underway at
Dallas/Fort Worth and it will enter the Louisville test program in 14-15
reveals that Kentucky US Congressman Harold Rogers, a prime motive force for
the integrated test, is seeking authorization in the FY2003 and FY2004
Department of Defense budgets to have the Kentucky National Guard’s Lockheed
C-130s – based at Standiford Field – fitted with ADS-B and moving map display
is because Rogers feels strongly that the development of ADS-B and TIS-B
positional technology to allow efficiencies such as closer spacing of parallel
runways for instrument flight rules operations, timed departure spacing and
improved airport surface situation awareness is as relevant for military
operations as it is for civil aviation.