Pratt & Whitney’s Geared Turbofan (GTF) engine has been selected to power the Mitsubishi Regional Jet (MRJ), launching the first of several next-generation engine programmes promising to deliver the next leap in fuel efficiency for airliners.
“We believe the [GTF] offers a technological breakthrough that will provide the best economy and performance for the Mitsubishi Regional Jet," said Kazuo Tsukuda, President, Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd., in a statement. The MRJ is a 70-seat to 90-seat airliner.
P&W expects the GTF to reduce fuel burn by at least 12% compared to current high-bypass ratio turbines. By comparison, the General Electric GEnx offering for the 787 is expected to deliver an 8% fuel improvement.
The GTF is designed to correct an inherently inefficient aspect of most propulsion systems. The low-pressure turbine and the engine fan spin at a constant speed, despite a mismatch in efficiency. P&W’s GTF design adds a gear to the fan, allowing it to spin at a slower and more efficient rate than the low-pressure turbine.
"The Geared Turbofan is the only engine on the market that can deliver the step-change improvements in fuel burn, environmental performance and operating costs that airlines are demanding for their next generation aircraft,” said P&W President Steve Finger.
P&W has previously described the MRJ as a candidate for the GTF, but at the low-end in terms of size for achieving the efficiency improvements.