Russian air transport safety regulators are proposing new rules aimed at reducing the risk of approach and landing accidents in poor weather by encouraging crews to go around or divert.
The interagency committee on flight safety and security discussed the changes two weeks after the 20 June fatal loss of a Tupolev Tu-134 at Petrozavodsk. Russia's transport ministry referred to several accidents that had occurred during attempts to land in bad weather.
"The main reason is the lack of training of flight crews for landing in severe weather, executing a go-around or diverting," it said.
But it also acknowledged that a "negative reaction" from the airline's senior management can "influence" the crew to avoid aborting an approach.
It said that approaches will be disallowed if visibility is below the airport's operational minimum, even in circumstances where the crew has established visual contact with ground reference points above decision height.
The ministry is proposing to change the federal aviation regulations in order to "support" the decision to go around or divert to an alternate airport if the crew believes an approach is unsafe.
It added that there would be "prohibition of punishment" of pilots for executing a go-around, and said measures would be taken to improve oversight of the quality of training for pilots, in particular for conducting landings, in low visibility, at airports without precision approach guidance.