100 Greatest 51-100

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Source: Flightglobal.com
This story is sourced from Flightglobal.com

51 Military Aircraft:  Hawker Hurricane 

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Sidney Camm’s rugged, reliable gun platform


52 Engine:    Rocketdyne J-2 (Saturn V)

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33,000kN of sheer brute force


53 Moment: 1986 – Voyager first unrefuelled round-the-world flight

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Nine days, 3m, 44s in the air


54 Moment: 1968 – Apollo 8 crew see first Earthrise

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A blue jewel in an ocean of blackness


55 Moment:  1927 – Winning of the Orteig Prize (Spirit of St Louis)

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Rarely can $25,000 have been better earned


56 Moment:  1939 – First jet-powered aircraft (Heinkel 178)

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A dozen test-flights, then consigned to a museum


57 Military Aircraft: MiG-21

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Nimble, ubiquitous, but short-ranged


58  Civil Aircraft:  de Havilland Comet

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So much promise, sadly largely unfulfilled


59 PersonJack Northrop

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The personification of determination, with a fascination for flying wings


60 Military Aircraft:  Mirage 2000

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Gallic elegance and dash

61 Engine:   Wright Cyclone 

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Radial engine family with a 20-year production span


62 Military Aircraft:  MiG-25

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Took old technology to new heights of excellence. Brilliantly production-engineered.


63 Moment:  1911 – First deck take-off and landing (Eugene Ely

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Aiming a pusher biplane at a 40-metre wooden platform


64 Engine:   GE J-79

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Motive power for the F-4, F-104 and B-58 Hustler


65 Military Aircraft:  Northrop B-2A

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Radar-evading black bat


66 Person:  Count Ferdinand von Zeppelin

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Airship pioneer for civil and military roles


67 Engine:  Rolls-Royce Allison 250

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More than 30,000 built, 170-plus civil and military applications


68 Engine:  Daimler-Benz DB601

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Motive power for the Me109


69 Engine: Pratt & Whitney J-58 axial-flow

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First engine designed to operate in afterburner for extended periods


70 Civil Aircraft:   Cessna 172

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Bringing flying training to the world

71 Civil Aircraft:  McDonnell Douglas DC-10

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The last ‘DC’, tainted by tragedy


72 Person: Captain Eric ‘Winkle’ Brown

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World record-holder for number of types flown


73 PersonJoe Sutter

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‘Father of the 747


74 Military AircraftLockheed U-2

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Less than 10kts between stall and maximum speed


75 EngineRolls-Royce Spey

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Military, civil, marine all-rounder


76 EngineLycoming 0-235

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Venerable, venerated piston power


77 Moment: 1947 – Flight of the Hughes H-4 Hercules (‘Spruce Goose’)

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Still the largest aircraft ever built; it flew for around one minute


78 Moment: 1982 – Operation Black Buck

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At the time, the longest bombing raid in history


79 Moment: 1996 – Introduction of enhaned ground proximity warning system (EGPWS)

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Curbing controlled flight into terrain (CFIT)


80 Civil Aircraft:  Junkers Ju 52

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The Luftwaffe’s rugged resupplier

81 Person:  Hanna Reitsch 

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Crashed in a Komet; feted by the Führer


82 Civil Aircraft:  Bell B206 Jet Ranger

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The key entry-level single-turbine helicopter


83 Military Aircraft:  Northrop F-5

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Supersonic lightweight for the US’s friends


84 Engine:    Rolls-Royce Nene 

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Most powerful turbine of its time


85 Person:   Bernt Balchen

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Pioneering polar aviator


86 Civil Aircraft:  Learjet 23

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The beginnings of a new industry sector


87 Civil Aircraft:  de Havilland Tiger Moth

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The archetypal inter-war trainer


88 Engine:   Rolls-Royce Tyne

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Turboprop heavy metal on Transall, Belfast and Vanguard


89 Person:   Brig-Gen Robin Olds

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Legendary Vietnam F-4 pilot


90 Civil Aircraft:   Ilyushin Il-18

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Long-lived turboprop workhorse

91 Civil Aircraft:   Ilyushin Il-76

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Rugged jet freighter and military transport


92 Moment:  1929 – Filming of Hell’s Angels 

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Remarkable aerial sequences


93 Civil AircraftBoeing 247

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A streamlined monoplane airliner when biplanes were still the norm


94 Moment: 1986 – Mir launched into orbit

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Providing invaluable insights on long-term human exposure to spaceflight


95 Civil Aircraft:   Ford Trimotor

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Shrinking the time to travel across the US


96 Person:    Jiro Hirokoshi

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The designer behind Mitsubishi’s Zero masterpiece


97 Engine:   Perm PS 90

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Fourth-generation Russian turbofan


98 Military Aircraft:  Mitsubishi A6M Zekev

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Manoeuvrable but increasingly outclassed


99 Civil Aircraft:  Sikorsky VS300

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Rotary revolutionary


100 Civil Aircraft:  Martin M-130 

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3,500nm at 150mph

100 Greatest

Top 10 | 11-20 | 21-50 | 51-100

Top 5s

Civil Aircraft | Military Aircraft | Person | Moment | Engine

Through the decades

Civil Aircraft | Military Aircraft | Person | Moment | Engine