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  • Airline Safety Review: January-June 2000

Airline Safety Review: January-June 2000

Accident data come from Flight International's own research and from Airclaims' World Airline Accident Summary (WAAS)*, a quarterly updated analytical record of accidents and incidents worldwide since 1945. The WAAS, a UK Civil Aviation Authority publication, benefits from Airclaims' exclusive information exchange with the CIS Interstate Aviation Committee Commission for Flight Safety. The WAAS now lists accidents by operator and location, as well as by type of occurrence and aircraft type.

Although details of non-fatal incidents are not made officially available by the authorities in many countries, Flight International continues to list as many of these incidents as possible, in the interests of maximising the availability of relevant information. We accept that the non-fatal listing may be unfairly weighted against the airlines of those countries which make safety information more readily available.

*Airclaims, Cardinal Point, Newall Road, Heathrow Airport, London TW6 2AS, UK; tel: +44 (20) 8897 1066; fax: +44 (20) 8897 0300.

Abbreviations

AA airfield approach/early descent; AAL above airfield level; ADC air-data computer; ADF automatic direction finder; AF air force; AGL above ground level; AMSL above mean sea level; Apt airport; ASI airspeed indicator; ATC air-traffic control; C climb; C-B circuit-breaker; CFIT controlled flight into terrain; CNK cause not known; CVR cockpit-voice recorder; DME distance-measuring equipment; ER en route; FDR flight data recorder; DFDR digital FDR; ECAM electronic centralised aircraft monitor; EFIS electronic flight-instrument system; EICAS engine-indicating and crew-alerting system; FAA US Federal Aviation Administration FL flight level = altitude, expressed in hundreds of feet, with international standard pressure-setting (ISA) of 1013.2mb set on altimeter (eg: FL100 = altimeter reading of 10,000ft with ISA set); FMS flight-management system; G on ground; GPU ground power unit; GPWS ground-proximity warning system; HP high pressure; IFR instrument flight rules; IMC instrument meteorological conditions; ILS instrument-landing system; ISA international standard atmosphere=sea-level pressure of 1013.2mb and standard temperature/pressure lapse rate with altitude; L landing; LP low pressure; MTOW maximum take-off weight; NDB non-directional beacon; NTSB US National Transportation Safety Board; PF pilot flying; PNF pilot not flying; RA runway/final approach; VFR visual flight rules; VHF very high frequency; VMC visual meteorological conditions; VOR VHF omni-range navigation beacon; TO take-off; V1 take-off decision speed

Conversion factors

1nm=1.85km; 1ft=0.3m; 1kt=1.85km/h

FATAL ACCIDENTS: SCHEDULED PASSENGER FLIGHTS

Date: 30 January 2000 Operator: Kenya Airways Type: Airbus Industrie A310 Registration: 5Y-BEN Location: In sea off Abidjan, Ivory Coast Fatalities crew/pax: 10/159 Total occupants crew/pax: 10/169 Phase: C The aircraft stalled within 2sec of the call for "gear up". It lost height and crashed in the sea.

Date: 31 January 2000 Operator: Alaska Airlines Type: Boeing MD-83 Registration: N963AS Location: In sea off California, USA Fatalities crew/pax: 5/83 Total occupants crew/pax 5/83 Phase: AA The crew reported some problems with pitch control during the cruise at FL310, and tried to rectify it. The pilots then lost control and the aircraft descended suddenly to about 23,700ft where they re-established control and continued a gentle descent, calling for a diversion to Los Angeles International Airport. Indications were that the stabiliser had adopted full nose-down pitch which could not be altered, and control could only be maintained by the use of elevator. The crew then deployed slats and flap while still at 17,000ft to check handling in the approach configuration, which proved adequate, so it retracted them. Soon after this it deployed flap and slats to begin a descent for the airport, and the aircraft pitched over, exerting 3g negative, and went into a spiral dive from which the aircraft did not recover.

Date: 19 April 2000 Operator: Air Philippines Type: Boeing 737-200 Adv Registration: RP-C3010 Location: Samal Island, Nr Davao, Philippines Fatalities crew/pax: 7/124 Total occupants crew/pax: 7/124 Phase: AA The aircraft had to go around from an ILS approach to runway 05 because there was an aircraft on the runway. The crew requested a VOR/DME approach to runway 23 and was cleared to do so. The last contact with the aircraft was when the pilot called 7nm DME on the approach. It was found to have hit the ground near the summit of a low hill at about 570ft AMSL about 7km from the runway threshold on the extended centreline.

FATAL ACCIDENTS: NON-SCHEDULED PASSENGER FLIGHTS

Date: 5 January 2000 Operator: Skypower Express Airlines Type: Embraer Bandeirante Registration: 5N-AXL Location: Abuja International Apt, Nigeria Fatalities crew/pax: 1/- Total occupants crew.pax: 3/16 Phase: RA Stalled during the turn onto final approach for runway 22 during an approach in daylight VMC. The aircraft hit the ground and came to rest short of the runway well to the right of the extended centreline. One person on the ground was killed.

Date: 13 January 2000 Operator: Avisto Type: Shorts 360-300 Registration: HB-AAM Location: In sea off Marsa el Brega, Libya Fatalities crew/pax: 1/22 Total occupants crew/pax: 3/38 Phase: RA The pilots reported both engines had failed on the daylight approach in fair weather, and the aircraft was ditched. The chartered flight was operated for the Sirte Oil company of Libya.

Date: 9 March 2000 Operator: Vologda Air Enterprise Type: Yakovlev Yak-40 Registration: RA-88170 Location: Sheremetyevo Apt, Moscow, Russia Fatalities crew/pax: 5/4 Total occupants crew/pax: 5/4 Phase: C The aircraft went out of control at an altitude of about 130ft, and crashed. Early suggestions were that the aircraft may not have been configured correctly for take-off and it had not been appropriately de-iced.

Date: 25 March 2000 Operator: Uralex Type: Antonov An-32 Registration: D2-MAJ Location: Huambo Apt, Angola Fatalities crew/pax: -/3 Total occupants crew/pax: 4?/29? Phase: TO Aborted take-off, overran the runway and fell into a deep ditch. The aircraft was bound for Luanda.

Date: 19 April 2000 Operator: Centrafrican Airlines Type: Antonov An-8 Registration: TL-ACM Location: Pepa, Zaire Fatalities crew/pax: 4/20 Total occupants crew/pax: 4/20 Phase: C One of the aircraft's engines is reported to have suffered a birdstrike shortly after take-off, and the aircraft failed to maintain height during its attempt to return to the airfield. The flight had been bound for Kigali, Rwanda.

Date: 17 May 2000 Operator: Avirex Type: Beech 1900C Registration: TR-LFK Location: Moanda, Gabon Fatalities crew/pax: 2/1 Total occupants crew/pax: 2/8 Phase: L The aircraft undershot the runway, hitting a slope leading up to the runway at a point some 150ft below airfield elevation. Rain and fog patches made visibility poor.

Date: 21 May 2000 Operator: Executive Airlines Type: British Aerospace Jetstream 31 Registration: N16EJ Location: Wilkes Barre/Scranton apt, Pennsylvania, USA Fatalities crew/pax: 2/17 Total occupants crew/pax: 2/17 Phase: AA The aircraft was positioning for its second ILS approach to runway 04 on a rainy, overcast day when the crew advised ATC that both engines had failed within a short time of each other. The aircraft crashed about 17km from the runway. The NTSB has found no evidence of fuel contamination in the bowser from which the aircraft last refuelled and is looking for evidence of fuel starvation or exhaustion. Aircraft was destroyed by fire on hitting the ground.

FATAL ACCIDENTS: REGIONAL AND COMMUTER AIRLINES

Date: 10 January 2000 Operator: Crossair Type: Saab 340B Registration: HB-AKK Location: Nr Zurich Apt, Switzerland Fatalities crew/pax: 3/7 Total occupants crew/pax: 3/7 Phase: C The aircraft crashed in a steep right hand spiral dive with no clear indication that the crew recognised the aircraft's developing extreme attitude. Early indications are that the crew became spatially disorientated while following a standard instrument departure at night in poor weather. The aircraft initiated a left turn as expected for the SID, but then reversed it into a right turn, leading to suggestions that the flight director was demanding a right turn, which was the shortest turn to the just-tuned VOR at the next waypoint.

Date: 15 January 2000 Operator: Taxi Aereo Centroamericano Type: Let 410 Registration: YS-09C Location: San Juan, Costa Rica Fatalities crew/pax: -/4 Total occupants crew/pax: 3/15 Phase: C The aircraft failed to climb after take-off and hit houses. Witnesses report that the aircraft was "fishtailing" before it crashed. The service was a regular flight taking tourists to a national park.

Date: 30 May 2000 Operator: Whyalla Airlines Type: Piper Navajo Chieftain Registration: VH-MZK Location: Spencer Gulf, Nr Whyalla, South Australia Fatalities crew/pax: 1/7 Total occupants crew/pax: 1/7 Phase: AA The pilot reported that he was ditching having lost power on both engines. Investigators have since ruled out fuel exhaustion or starvation, citing evidence that both engines may have suffered mechanical failure independently.

Date: 5 June 2000 Operator: Air Link Type: Fokker F27-600 Registration: G-524 Location: Kotoka Apt, Accra, Ghana Fatalities crew/pax: 6 Total occupants: 52 Phase: RA This civil flight was operated from the northern city of Tamale by the Ghana air force under the name "Air Link". The aircraft crashed on final approach in daylight but poor visibility in heavy rain.

Date: 22 June 2000 Operator: Wuhan Airlines Type: Xian Yun-7 Registration: B3479 Location: Nr Wuhan regional apt, China Fatalities crew/pax: 4/38 Total occupants crew/pax: 4/38 Phase: RA The aircraft crashed on a daylight final approach in poor visibility and heavy rain associated with thunderstorms. Some witnesses said that the aircraft suffered a lightning strike. Seven people were killed on the ground.

FATAL ACCIDENTS: NON-PASSENGER FLIGHTS

Date: 16 February 2000 Operator: Emery Worldwide Type: Douglas DC8-71F Registration: N8079U Location: Nr Sacramento, USA Fatalities: 3 Total occupants: 3 Phase: C About 45s after taking off from Mather airport the crew reported "severe centre of gravity problems" and began to return, but the aircraft went out of control and crashed on the base leg of the approach to runway 22.

Date: 17 March 2000 Operator: Points North Air Services Type: Douglas DC-3 Registration: C-FNTF Location: Ennerdai Lake, Nunavut Territory, Canada Fatalities: 2 Total occupants: 2 Phase: C Carrying construction materials to Ennerdai, the aircraft landed about 180m into the runway, but then the pilot elected to get airborne again after short ground run. After lift-off the aircraft pitched up sharply, climbed to about 500ft, stalled and crashed.

Date: 24 March 2000 Operator: Sky Cabs Type: Antonov An-12 Regisdtration: RA-11302 Location: Kadirana, Nr Colombo, Sri Lanka Fatalities: 6 Total occupants: 8 Phase: RA Early in the aircraft's first approach, ATC warned the crew that the weather had worsened markedly and instructed them to hold off, which they did. After an unspecified time holding, the aircraft was cleared for an ILS approach to runway 04. The crew failed to make visual contact with the runway in the stormy conditions, and went around for a second approach which was broken off because of poor visibility. During the go-around, the critical fuel warning system came on and the crew set up to approach runway 22. On the final approach, however, all four engines stopped one by one, and the aircraft crashed into the village of Kadirana. Two people on the ground were also killed.

Date: 25 May 2000 Operator: Streamline Aviation Type: Shorts 330 Registration: G-SSWN Location: Paris Charles de Gaulle Apt, France Fatalities: 1 Total occupants: 2 Phase: G The aircraft was taxiing at about 03:00 when an Air Liberté Boeing MD-83 approaching rotate speed on runway 27 struck the starboard side of the 330's cockpit with its port wingtip, killing the co-pilot. The MD-83 aborted take-off safely.

NON-FATAL ACCIDENTS AND INCIDENTS: SCHEDULED PASSENGER FLIGHTS

Date: 11 February 2000 Operator: Air Afrique Type: Airbus Industrie A300B4 Registration: TU-TAT Location: Yoff Intl Apt, Dakar, Senegal Injuries crew/pax: -/- Total occupants crew/pax: 11/179 Phase: G Taxiing for departure, an undercarriage in transit warning came on, so the crew began a return to the stand. The left main gear collapsed during taxi and the No 1 engine hit the ground, damaging the pylon and causing fuel and hydraulic leaks which led to a fire. It was later discovered that some of the gear hydraulic lines had been connected wrongly during a just-completed C-check overhaul.

Date: 22 February 2000 Operator: Egyptair Type: Boeing 767-300ER Registration: SU-GAO Location: Harare Apt, Zimbabwe Injuries crew/pax: -/- Total occupants crew/pax: 17/76 Phase: L The aircraft landed from a VOR/DME approach onto runway 23 at night in bad weather with strong, gusting winds. It veered off the right of the runway, then crossed it and veered off the left before the crew regained control and brought it to a stop on the runway. The left engine hit the ground and the engine and pylon were torn off the wing.

Date: 27 February 2000 Operator: Transbrasil Type: Boeing 737-400 Registration: PT-TEO Location: Porto Allegre Apt, Brazil Injuries crew/pax: -/- Total occupants crew/pax: 7/111 Phase: L The aircraft left runway 29 and fell into a ditch in darkness with heavy rain and strong winds.

Date: 1 March 2000 Operator: South African Airways Type: Airbus Industrie A320-200 Registration: ZS-SHD Location: Lusaka apt, Zambia Injuries crew/pax: -/- Total occupants crew/pax: 7/142 Phase: L Just before touchdown the crew lost sight of the runway in a heavy rainstorm. The aircraft touched down to the right of the centreline, then veered further right off the runway and continued parallel to it until the aircraft hit a taxiway and the right main gear failed.

Date: 5 March 2000 Operator: Southwest Airlines Type: Boeing 737-300 Registration: N668SW Location: Burbank Apt, Burbank, USA Injuries crew/pax: -/- Total occupants crew/pax: 5/137 Phase: L Overran having reportedly landed long and fast having commenced descent late partly because of ATC demands. Touchdown was at 181kt on the 1,840m runway, and the aircraft was still travelling at 32kt as it ran through the perimeter fence.

Date: 13 March 2000 Operator: Delta Air Lines Type: Boeing 727-200 Registration: N516DA Location: San Francisco Apt, USA Injuries crew/pax: -/- Total occupants crew/pax: 7/70 Phase: C The right main gear leg only retracted partially, and crew attempts to select it down by all methods failed. The aircraft landed safely back at San Francisco on runway 28R with the gear still partially deployed.

Date: 17 March 2000 Operator: Canada 3000 Airlines Type: Airbus Industrie A330-200 Registration: C-GGWA Location: Vancouver Intl Apt, Canada Injuries crew/pax: -/- Total occupants crew/pax: 13/240 Phase: C Part of the left engine cowling broke off and hit the wing leading edge followed by the wing/fuselage fairing. The crew declared an emergency and returned to land safely at Vancouver.

Date: 17 March 2000 Operator: Aviandina Type: Boeing 727-100 Registration: OB-1731 Location: Tacna Apt, Tacna, Peru Injuries crew/pax: -/- Total occupants crew/pax: 6?/58? Phase: RA

The crew diverted to Tacna because, on approach to Juliaca, the right main gear would not select down. Having failed to get the gear to deploy the crew landed at Tacna with the gear up.

Date: 1 April 2000 Operator: Continental Micronesia Type: Boeing 727-200Adv Registration: N79743 Location: Yap Apt, Yap, Micronesia Injuries crew/pax: -/- Total occupants crew/pax: 7/96 Phase: L The right main gear collapsed on landing.

Date: 22 April 2000 Operator: Qantas Type: Boeing 747-300 Registration: VH-EBW Location: Rome Fiumicino Apt, Italy Injuries crew/pax: -/- Total occupants crew/pax: 19/301 Phase: G Because of taxiway work, the aircraft had to backtrack runway 16L to take off from it. During the 180° turn to line up for take-off there was a loud bang and the aircraft's right main gear failed. The gear outer cylinder had fractured.

Date: 25 May 2000 Operator: Air Liberté Type: Boeing MD-83 Registration: F-GHED Location: Paris Charles de Gaulle Apt, France Injuries crew/pax: -/- Total occupants: 150? Phase: TO The aircraft was approaching rotate for take-off on runway 27 when its wingtip hit the cockpit of a taxiing Shorts 330 freighter (see fatal accidents, non-passenger flights) and aborted the take-off safely. Its wing leading edge and slats were badly damaged near the wingtip, and the co-pilot in the Shorts 330 was killed.

NON-FATAL ACCIDENTS AND INCIDENTS: NON-SCHEDULED PASSENGER FLIGHTS

Date: 18 February 2000 Operator: Safair Type: Lockheed L-100 Hercules Registration: ZS-YIY Location: Darwin Apt, Australia Injuries crew/pax: -/- Total occupants crew/pax: 5/25 Phase: L The main gear would not deploy, even by use of the emergency systems, so the aircraft was belly-landed. The aircraft was on a United Nations charter from East Timor.

NON-FATAL ACCIDENTS/INCIDENTS: REGIONAL AND COMMUTER AIRLINES

Date: 8 February 2000 Operator: Sabin Air Type: Embraer Bandeirante Registration: C9-AUH Location: Maputo Intl apt, Mozambique Injuries crew/pax: 2/- Total occupants crew/pax: 2/16 Phase: C Shortly after take-off the aircraft began to veer left, the aircraft's wing hit a tree and it crashed, hitting houses.

Date: 9 February 2000 Operator: SATA Air Acores Type: British Aerospace ATP Registration: CS-TGL Location: Lajes apt, Azores Islands Injuries crew/pax: -/- Total occupants crew/pax: 4/45 Phase: L Touched down on nose gear, causing substantial damage.

Date: 9 February 2000 Operator: Cape Smythe Air Service Type: Piper PA-31 Registration: N110JK Location: Wales apt, Alaska, USA Injuries crew/pax: 1/1 Total occupants crew/pax: 1/8 Phase: L Aircraft touched down on runway 35 with 45° yaw and left wing low, and veered left off the runway. Conditions were turbulent with a gusty crosswind from the right. The aircraft was a total loss.

Date: 15 February 2000 Operator: ANK Type: NAMC YS-11A Registration: JA8727 Location: Okadama Apt, Sapporo, Japan Injuries crew/pax: -/- Total occupants crew/pax: 4/37 Phase: L On landing in daylight in light snow, the aircraft was about to overrun the runway so the pilot steered it right to avoid approach lights. The aircraft struck a snow bank.

Date: 17 March 2000 Operator: Skypower Express Airways Type: Embraer Bandeirante Registration: 5N-AXM Location: Kaduna Apt, Nigeria Injuries crew/pax: -/- Total occupants crew/pax: 3/3 Phase: ER The crew elected to divert to Kaduna because of a problem with one of the two engines, but after shutting it down the aircraft would not maintain height. The aircraft eventually emergency-landed with gear up on level ground some 600m short of the runway threshold.

Date: 20 March 2000 Operator: Air Wisconsin Type: Dornier 328-100 Registration: N329MX Location: Denver Intl Apt, Colorado, USA Injuries crew/pax: -/- Total occupants crew/pax: 3/21 Phase: L The right main gear collapsed during the landing roll. The aircraft veered off the runway where the nose gear also collapsed.

Date: 21 March 2000 Operator: American Eagle Airlines Type: Saab 340B Registration: N353SB Location: Killeen apt, Texas, USA Injuries crew/pax: -/- Total occupants crew/pax: 3/33 Phase: L Following an ILS approach in darkness and poor weather the aircraft landed fast and nearly half way down the 1,675m runway, overran and came to rest in a ditch about 65m beyond the runway end.

Date: 22 April 2000 Operator: THY Turkish Airlines Type: BAe Systems Avro RJ-70 Registration: TC-THL Location: Sirt Apt, Turkey Injuries crew/pax: -/- Total occupants crew/pax: 4/42 Phase: L The aircraft was damaged beyond repair when it overran the runway in heavy rain.

Date: 6 May 2000 Operator: Jersey European Airways Type: British Aerospace 146-300 Registration: G-JEBE Location: Birmingham, UK Injuries crew/pax: -/- Total occupants crew/pax: ?/112 Phase: G During pushback the right main gear fell into an excavated hole which had originally been covered by a metal plate, but the plate had moved.

Date: 16 May 2000 Operator: British Regional Airlines Type: British Aerospace ATP Registration: G-MANJ Location: Manchester, UK Injuries crew/pax: -/- Total occupants crew/pax: 4/44 Phase: C On departure, the left main gear would not retract fully. After using up fuel the aircraft, which had been bound for Belfast, landed at Liverpool with the gear up.

Date: 27 May 2000 Operator: SAS Commuter Type: Bombardier Dash 8-400 Registration: LN-RDB Location: Ahlberg, Denmark Injuries crew/pax: -/- Total occupants crew/pax: ?/67 Phase: L Tailstrike on landing.

NON-FATAL ACCIDENTS/INCIDENTS: NON-PASSENGER FLIGHTS

Date: 9 January 2000 Operator: Korean Air Type: Boeing 747-200F Registration: HL-7441 Location: Penang, Malaysia Injuries: - Total occupants: ? Phase: RA A flap section detached during approach and punched a 1.5 x 0.6m hole in the fuselage above the level of the main deck floor just behind the wing trailing edge. This incident, plus the December 1999 crash of a Korean Air 747-200F at Stansted, UK which was traced to a faulty artificial horizon, triggered a government directive to the airline to enhance its 747 classic maintenance.

Date: 2 February 2000 Operator: Iran Air Type: Airbus Industrie A300B2 Registration: EP-IBR Location: Tehran Mehrabad Apt, Iran Injuries: - Total occupants: - Phase: G While the aircraft was being towed on the west apron it was hit by an Iran AF Lockheed C-130 Hercules which was taking off, but appears to have suffered an engine failure and veered off the runway onto the apron. Both aircraft caught fire and were destroyed.

Date: 2 February 2000 Operator: Polar Air Cargo Type: Boeing 747-100F Registration: N857FT Location: Anchorage Apt, Alaska, USA Injuries: - Total occupants: - Phase: G While the aircraft was being unloaded on an icy area of the apron the wind began to move it, so unloading was halted and the crews began to move equipment away from the aircraft. While this was happening a strong gust of wind swung the tail about 9.15m and the rear fuselage hit a loader, causing serious damage.

Date: 3 February 2000 Operator: Trans Arabian Air Transport Type: Boeing 707-320C Registration: ST-APY Location: Lake Victoria, Nr Mwanza Apt, Tanzania Injuries: - Total occupants: 5 Phase: RA While lining up for a second night visual approach to runway 12 at Mwanza with the captain flying manually, the aircraft went through the extended centreline and the pilot reversed its turn to recover the approach. During this manoeuvre the aircraft, which was empty on a ferry flight, hit the surface of Lake Victoria and ended up afloat about 3km short of the airfield. The aircraft was later towed to the shore and beached. Investigators found that although the co-pilot's altimeter was reading correctly for the airfield elevation, the captain's was reading higher by nearly 400ft.

Date: 12 February 2000 Operator: TransAfrik Type: Boeing 727-100 Registration: S9-NAZ Location: Luanda Apt, Angola Injuries: - Total occupants: 7 Phase: L The right wing struck the ground when the aircraft touched down hard with its right wing low, and the fuselage broke away aft of the wing trailing edge. The weather was stormy with heavy rain and gusting wind, and the aircraft was on its second approach.

Date: 16 February 2000 Operator: Martinaire Type: Cessna Caravan 1 Registration: N9505B Location: McAlester, Oklahoma Injuries: - Total occupants: 1 Phase: C Collided with a Cessna 182 which went out of control and crashed, killing the pilot. The Caravan suffered damage to its left wing and aileron, but the pilot landed safely back at McAlester apt. The 182 pilot had called for airport information and the Caravan pilot, preparing for take-off on runway 01, had passed it, then announced his intention to take off. The collision occurred when the Caravan was completing a left hand circuit in preparation to take up a south-easterly heading.

Date: 18 February 2000 Operator: Safair Type: Lockheed L-100 Hercules Registration: ZS-YIY Location: Darwin Apt, Australia Injuries: - Total occupants: 7 Phase: L The right wing struck the ground when the aircraft touched down hard with its right wing low, and the fuselage broke away aft of the wing trailing edge.

Date: 19 February 2000 Operator: Kitty Hawk International Type: Douglas DC-8-63CF Registration: N811CK Location: Seattle/Tacoma Apt, USA Injuries: - Total occupants: 5 Phase: C After take-off the crew noted non-standard indications from No 2 engine and a slight left roll, so the crew began a return to the airport, where ATC advised them that there was debris on the runway after their take-off. It was later determined that the cowlings for Nos 1 and 2 had come away, probably not having been re-latched after maintenance. The maintenance involved a number of engineers and shifts, with the work handed over as incomplete.

Date: 26 February 2000 Operator: Iran Air Type: Boeing 747-200 Registration: EP-IAG Location: Jeddah Apt, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia Injuries: - Total occupants: 8? Phase: G Following pushback at night for a ferry flight, the crew believed that the tug had cleared, so began to taxi forward. The aircraft hit the tug. The tug driver had disconnected his headset -and the last signals were by hand.

Date: 19 March 2000 Operator: Air Urga Type: Antonov An-26 Registration: UR-26586 Location: Goma Apt, Goma, Zaire Injuries: - Total occupants: 5 Phase: RA Pilot hit windshear on the final approach and initiated a go-around, raising the gear. The aircraft, however, continued to lose height and touched down beside the runway with the gear up.

Date: 28 March 2000 Operator: South African Airways Type: Boeing 747-200F Registration: 9G-MKJ Location: Nr Johannesburg, South Africa Injuries: - Total occupants: 4 Phase: ER The aircraft was on a post-maintenance test flight, and the crew did not know that there were 4t of unrestrained steel ballast weights in the forward lower cargo hold which had been place there during an engine change. These moved about and caused serious damage, although the crew was not aware of it, and the damage was not discovered until two days later.

Date: 5 April 2000 Operator: Atlas Air Type: Boeing 747-200F Registration: N534MC Location: Nr Guayaquil, Ecuador Injuries: - Total occupants: 3 Phase: C Shortly after take-off the No 1 engine suffered an uncontained engine failure, the crew returned to Guayaquil and made a safe landing.

Date: 5 April 2000 Operator: Allwest Freight Type: Shorts Skyvan 3 Registration: N549WB Location: Fort Greely airstrip, Alaska, USA Injuries: - Total occupants: 1 Phase: L During the landing run on the ice-covered runway in a crosswind the aircraft was hit by a gust and veered off the runway.

Date: 28 April 2000 Operator: Emerald Air Type: British Aerospace 748-2A Registration: G-BVOV Location: Dublin, Ireland Injuries: - Total occupants: 2 Phase: G Nose gear collapsed as the aircraft was lining up on the runway.

Date: 30 April 2000 Operator: DAS Air Type: McDonnell Douglas DC-10-30F Registration: N800WR Location: Entebbe International Apt, Uganda Injuries: - Total occupants: 7 Phase: L Following a normal ILS approach and landing in light rain on 17 just after a rain storm had passed through, the aircraft failed to slow down sufficiently on the wet runway and the captain realised it was going to overrun. There was a tailwind component and the DC-10 was close to its maximum landing weight with 50t freight on board. To avoid the approach lights and ILS antenna he steered it left off the runway, but the aircraft ran down a steep bank and came to rest in Lake Victoria.

Date: 26 June 2000 Operator: Yemenia Type: Boeing 737-200C Adv Registration: 7O-ACQ Location: Khartoum, Sudan Injuries: - Total occupants: 5 Phase: L The aircraft made its first approach to runway 18, but abandoned the approach and chose to land on the reciprocal 36. Directional control was lost and the aircraft ran off the runway. The landing gear separated. There was poor visibility in blowing sand, and the wind was 230°/15kt, which on runway 36 gives a crosswind from the left and a slight tailwind component.

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