- 18 September 1948, RAF Manston. De Havilland Mosquito. Both crew and 10 spectators were killed.
- 6 September 1952, Farnborough, De Havilland 110 broke up in mid-air with the debris killing 29 spectators.
- 20 September 1958, RAF Syerston, Avro Vulcan wing structural failure following pull-up exceeding structural limits. All crew and three people on the ground died.
- 20 September 1968, Farnborough,Breguet 1150 Atlanticcrashed during a single-engine demonstration killing all five crew and one person on the ground.
- 11 September 1970, Farnborough, Wallis Autogyro went out of control. Pilot killed.
- 1 September 1974, Farnborough, Sikorsky Black Hawk helicopter crashed on the runway after a low roll, killing both crew.
- 21 September 1980 Biggin Hill, Douglas A-26 bomber ploughs into the ground during a display killing the pilot and six passengers, but fortunately no spectators
- 4 September 1984, Farnborough,de Havilland CanadaDHC-5DBuffalo, badly judged steep approach to an intended short landing in a gusting crosswind resulted in serious structural damage at touchdown. No casualties.
- 24 July 1993, Royal International Air Tattoo, RAFFairford, two Russian AF Mig Mi29s collided and crashed. The pilots ejected, no casualties.
- 20 August 2011, Bournemouth, BAE Systems Hawk T1 crashed at the end of an air display by the RAF aerobatic team, the Red Arrows, when the pilot suffered g-induced loss of consciousness. The pilot was killed.
- 1 July 2012, Shuttleworth Military Pageant, a veteran de Havilland DH53 Humming Bird, pilot killed following loss of control.
- 1 August 2015, Cheshire Car Fest (strictly speaking, not an air show but with an air display component), Folland Gnat, pilot killed in ground impact after a low pass.
- 28 August 1988, Ramstein air base, Germany, collision during a high speed opposition manoeuvre by the Italian Frecce Tricolori aerobatic team flying Aermacchi MB339s. Three pilots and 67 spectators were killed, 346 badly injured.
- 27 July 2002, Sknyliv air base, Ukraine, Sukhoi Su27 of the Ukrainian Falcons aerobatic team crashed, killing 77 spectators and injuring 543.
These have been the main incidents at UK air shows since the Second World War in which pilots or bystanders were injured or killed.
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There have also been two notable disasters internationally during the past 30 years involving fatalities among those attending the event.