Boeing 747 History
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Boeing 747 Aircraft Overview -
The Boeing 747 entered service with Pan American Airlines in January 1970 and became the workhorse of the world’s long-haul, high-capacity fleet. To-date, Boeing has delivered 1,365 747s in four basic types, the 747-100/-200/-300/-400.
In November 2005, after many false starts, Boeing finally launched the 747-8 Intercontinental to serve the 400-500-seat markets and the Boeing 747-8 Freighter.
Two Boeing 747s form the presidential Air Force One transport, and a 747 was also converted to transport the Space Shuttle. A number of Boeing 747s have also been converted into luxury business aircraft..
Powered by four Pratt & Whitney/General Electric/Rolls-Royce turbofans the Boeing 747 remains the world’s fastest subsonic passenger jet. It has carried more than 3.5 billion passengers on 35 billion miles of revenue-earning service with 80 airlines.
Boeing 747 Aircraft History-
Rolled out at Boeing’s Everett plant in Seattle in September 1968, the Boeing 747-100 originated from Boeing’s failed entry for the US air force’s C-5 military transport competition. The 747 was Boeing’s response to a requirement for a 400-seat long-range transport and was launched in April 1966 with an order for 25 aircraft.
Powered initially by four 43,000lb thrust Pratt & Whitney JT9D turbofans the Boeing 747 was developed into freighter and passenger/freighter versions, with General Electric and eventually Rolls-Royce developing engines. A shortened version, the 747SP, was designed to fly higher and further than the standard aircraft.
The 440-seat Boeing 747-200B appeared in 1970 with higher take-off weights and more powerful engines. Next, Boeing introduced the stretched upper deck 747-300 which first flew in October 1982, with Swissair the first customer.
The most recent version, the Boeing 747-400, introduced major aerodynamic improvements, including winglets, new avionics and an all- new flight deck. After delivery to Northwest Airlines in January 1989 Boeing was rolling out a new 747-400 every six days. The 1,100th 747 was delivered to Virgin Atlantic in January 1996.
Read more about the history of Boeing 747 in the Flight Archive
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Boeing 747-400 Aircraft Specification-
|First Flight Date||29 April 1988|
|Certification Date:||10 January 1989|
|Fuselage width:||6.5 m|
|Fuselage height:||9.8 m|
|Fuselage length:||68.63 m|
|Cabin length:||57.64 m|
|Cabin width:||6.1 m|
|Cabin height:||2.41 m|
|Hold volume:||171 m3|
|Empty operating:||179,015 kg|
|Max zero fuel:||246,074 kg|
|Standard fuel capacity:||216,824 kg|
|Max fuel capacity||216,824 kg|
|Normal cruise:||875 km/h|
|Max cruise:||982 km/h/h|
|Long Range Cruise alt:||35,000 ft|
|Max Ceiling:||45,100 ft|
|Take Off field length:||3,400 m|
|Landing field length:||2,060 m|
|Max payload range:||10,695 km|
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