The Cold War days of nuclear-armed big bombers patrolling on a hair trigger are (hopefully) long behind us, but long-range strike capability remains an air power priority. With Russia restarting the Tupolev Tu-160 and Boeing upgrading B-1Bs, here’s our survey of the world’s biggest long-range bomber fleets, based on data drawn from Flightglobal’s MiliCAS database.

1: Harbin H-6; 150 in service

China’s air force has a fleet of around 120 aged H-6 bombers in use, while its navy is also believed to have approximately 30 in its inventory.

Harbin H-6 c Rex

Harbin H-6

Rex Features

2: Boeing B-52; 78

Famed for its memorable role in Dr Strangelove, the B-52 remains a key frontline type for the US Air Force, which still uses the H-model version. The type has been in USAF service since 1955, featuring heavily in Vietnam and even the US space programme – as the air-launch platform for X-15 rocketplanes.

B-52 c USAF 640


US Air Force

B-52 X-15 c Rex 640

X-15 away

Rex Features

3: Tupolev Tu-22M; 70

Nicknamed the “Backfire” by NATO, the swing-wing Tu-22M forms part of the Russian air force’s strategic bomber force.

Tu-22 c ATI

Russian air force Tu-22M "Backfires"


4: Boeing B-1B; 62

The type will mark its 30th anniversary of service with the USAF later this year. Conceived in the 1960s as a Mach 2 replacement for the B-52, the Rockwell (later Boeing) B-1B Lancer was ultimately developed as a long-range, low-level penetrator capable of M1.25 at high altitude. Boeing is undertaking an upgrade programme to install an all-digital cockpit and connect the bombers to a global communications network.

B-1B c Boeing

B-1B Lancer


5: Tupolev Tu-95; 43

More commonly referred to by its NATO reporting name, the “Bear” is a regular sighting for quick reaction alert pilots with numerous alliance air forces. Additional examples of the propjet-powered type are being upgraded to extend their service lives until the availability of Moscow’s replacement PAK-DA strategic bomber.

Tu-95 and F-15 Alaska c USAF

Hello, Alaska!

US Air Force

tu-95 typhoon-c-crown copyright 640

Hello, Scotland!

Crown Copyright

6: Northrop Grumman B-2; 20

The B-2 Stealth bomber is the most expensive aircraft ever produced, with a unit cost in excess of $1 billion. That cost ensured plenty of controversy in Washington, even among the Joint Chiefs of Staff, especially as it did not enter service until 1997 – long after the demise of the Soviet Union it was meant to attack. Although B-2s saw (non-nuclear) service in Kosovo, Iraq and Afghanistan, the type’s highlight was probably a 2008 crash after take-off from Andersen AFB in Guam; the aircraft was destroyed but the two-man crew survived to tell the tale of what was probably the most expensive crash in the history of aviation.

B-2 Spirit c USAF

B-2, in working order

US Air Force

crashed B-2 c FAA

B-2, not in such good shape

Federal Aviation Administration

7: Tupolev Tu-160; 13

Moscow is to relaunch production of its variable-geometry Tu-160, describing the “Blackjack” as “the best aircraft in its class”. Our data suggests a current active fleet of 13, including a first upgraded Tu-160M, with another 14 in line to be manufactured.

Tu-160 bomber

Russian air force Tu-160 "Blackjack"